As you all know, October 2nd is known as Gandhi Jayanti, for Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, our Father Of The Nation, was born on October 2nd, 1869. Mahatma Gandhi is revered all over the world for his philosophy of nonviolence and passive resistance. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in the present-day Indian state of Gujarat on October 2, 1869. His father served as the dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar, and his extremely religious mother was a devout follower of Vaishnavism (Hindu god Vishnu worship), influenced by Jainism, an ascetic faith based on self-discipline and nonviolence.
In the early 1900s, he began his activism as an Indian immigrant in South Africa, and in the years following World War I, he rose to prominence as a key figure in India’s battle for independence from the United Kingdom. Gandhi was imprisoned several times during his pursuit of non-cooperation, and participated in a number of hunger strikes to protest the oppression of India’s poorest classes, among other injustices. He was known for his ascetic lifestyle–he often dressed only in a loincloth and shawl–and devout Hindu faith. He continued to fight for peace between Hindus and Muslims after Partition in 1947. Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic in Delhi in January 1948.
We are lucky to be born in such a democratic nation, but we should never forget the efforts of our great national leaders who have sacrificed so much for the freedom we have today. Below listed are some of the major movements conducted by Mahatma Gandhi as a result of which we enjoy this freedom.
Champaran Satyagraha (Satyagraha of Champaran) (1917): Under the Tinkathia regime, Indigo cultivators in the Champaran area of Bihar suffered greatly. Cultivators were required to cultivate Indigo on the best 3/20th of their land, and they were forced to sell it at a lower price under this arrangement. Mahatma Gandhi used the civil disobedience strategy in Champaran, organizing protests and strikes against the landlords. As a result, the government established a Champaran agrarian committee, which included Gandhiji as a member. The Satyagraha was successful because all of the cultivators’ demands were met.
Kheda Satyagraha (1917-1918): In 1917, Mohan Lal Pandey launched a no-tax movement in Kheda village, Gujarat, demanding the remission of taxes owing to low harvest or crop failure. Mahatma Gandhi was invited, and on March 22, 1918, he joined the movement. He began Satyagraha there. Vallabhbhai Patel and Indulal Yagnik also joined the cause. Finally, the British government met the conditions, and the operation was victorious.
Khilafat Movement in 1919 founded by the Ali brothers to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with the treatment of Turkey following World War I. The movement against the British administration to restore the Caliph’s declining status in Turkey was initiated under Mahatma Gandhi’s guidance. In Delhi, Mahatma Gandhi was elected president of the All India Conference. He also returned the British Empire medals he had received in South Africa. He became the national leader as a result of the Khilafat movement’s success.
Non-Cooperation Movement (1920): In response to the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, Mahatma Gandhi began the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920. Mahatma Gandhi believed that this would continue, and that the British would continue to enjoy their dominance over Indians. Gandhi ji persuaded people to launch the non-cooperation movement in a nonviolent manner, which played a major role in achieving independence, with the support of Congress. He coined the term “Swaraj,” which became a key component of the Indian independence movement. People began boycotting British government products and establishments such as schools, colleges, and government offices as the movement gained traction. However, Mahatma Gandhi put a halt to the campaign after the Chauri Chaura tragedy, in which 23 police officers were killed.
Civil-Disobedience Movement (1930): Civil-Disobedience Movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi in March 1930. The civil disobedience movement started with the infamous Dandi March, also known by the name salt satyagraha. Mahatma Gandhi addressed the nation in the Young India newspaper, expressing his willingness to call a halt to the movement if his eleven requests were met by the government. However, the government at the time was led by Lord Irwin, who did not respond to him. As a result, Mahatma Gandhi went all out to start the campaign.
Quit India Movement (1942): During World War II, Mahatma Gandhi launched the Quit India movement on August 8, 1942, with the goal of removing British authority from India. Mahatma Gandhi gave a ‘Do or Die’ address during the campaign. As a result, British officers arrested all members of the Indian National Congress and imprisoned them without charge. However, the demonstrations persisted across the country. The British government had agreed to pass over the powers to India at the end of World War II. The movement, which resulted in the release of thousands of inmates, was called off by Mahatma Gandhi. These are Mahatma Gandhi’s significant movements that helped India gain independence from British or colonial authority.
In 1947 Britain had granted India our Independence reluctantly. But this also brought about drastic changes in our country. India post independence was divided into two independent nations, Hindu majority as India & Muslim majority as Pakistan. On August 15, 1947, Gandhi spent his Independence Day fasting and spinning in Calcutta, not celebrating the end of British rule but praying for peace among his countrymen. The partition had led to another big riot in the Indian subcontinent. And on January 30th 1948, around 5:17pm, he breathed his last when Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist fired three bullets into his chest. But he sure left us a legacy, a legacy that any citizen can be proud of. And in 2021 October 2nd here we are celebrating the 152nd birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. This day is known as Gandhi Jayanti and people organize various events to celebrate this day. We have also organized a simple Gandhi Jayanti Quiz to celebrate our beloved bapuji.
What are the 6 principles of Mahatma Gandhi to which he adhered all along his life?
What are the 4 pillars of Gandhian Thought?
Sarvodaya means universal uplifting or progress of all. This term was first coined by Mahatma Gandhi. His model of sarvodaya meant an ideal society built upon the principles of non-violence, equality & freedom.
Who influenced Gandhiji’s idea of sarvodaya?
The concept of Sarvodaya was inspired by John Ruskin’s book “Unto this Last”. In this book, Ruskin defines wealth and then explains that wealth can only be acquired by following some moral conditions such as justice and honesty.
Major Freedom Struggles or Movements by Mahatma Gandhi
- Khilafat Movement
- Non-Cooperation Movement
- Salt March/Dandi Movement
- Quit India Movement
Which are the major books authored by M K Gandhi?
- Hind Swaraj- First Book Written by Mahatma Gandhi
- An autobiography or the story of my experiments with truth
- The Essential Gandhi: An Anthology of His Writings on His Life
- Satyagraha in South Africa
Who is the political guru of Gandhiji?
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a mentor to both Mohammed Ali Ginah and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi).
Who Addressed Mahatma Gandhi as the Father of Nation?
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was the first to address Mahatma Gandhi as the Father of the Nation. He was later conferred the title by the Constitution of India.
How many times was Mahatma Gandhi nominated for the Nobel Prize?
Mahatma Gandhi or Gandhiji was nominated for the Nobel Prize 5 times in the years 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947 & 1948. He was not awarded the Nobel Prize though.
Who addressed Gandhiji as a Mickey Mouse?
Sarojini Naidu had called Gandhiji as a chocolate coloured Mickey Mouse and Gandhiji had affectionately called her the Nightingale of India.
What is Sevagram?
Sevagram is the name of a village and was given that name by Mahatma Gandhi when he shifted from Sabarmati Ashram to the outskirts of Wardha in Maharashtra. He directed the Indian Independence Movements from Sevagram.
16 Sep, 2021 | Sreelekshmi Raj | No Comments
What After 10th?
What after 10th? This is a question that all of us have been asked. While in 10th standard, many students have not been able to answer this properly. We know for a fact that many of us have regretted making the wrong choices after 10th.
But how can one be so sure of what they want? What are the factors that students should consider while looking for the next step? What help or guidance can parents provide in this aspect? This article is a humble trial at finding answers for multitudes of such questions that plague the minds of students as well as parents everywhere.
In 10th there are many factors that affect kids while making the decision as to what next?
Mostly in the Indian scenario, parents, relatives and friends play a great role in kids deciding what they want to study. If you ask me, I would say it’s high time that this trend changed. This decision affects the student’s career and future so it should be taken deliberately. What I have often heard is, You should go with science, take entrance exams and become an engineer or a doctor. If a student objects, or if they have some other plans, they are told, listen to your elders, they know what is best for you. Is that true? No, it’s their life, they should mould it in the way they want. Nobody, parents, relatives or friends should influence them.
As a student what are the parts that you need clarification? What should you ask yourselves before making the decision? Let us see below:
What do I want for a career?
First of all, know that it is okay to want to be something different. You don’t need to be a doctor, engineer or a government employee.
What is that profession that I can see myself doing? This is the most important question that you should ask yourself. Most of the kids are ignorant of the wide variety of career options that we have. Try to conduct research online on what are the career options that have a scope or growth. What are the educational qualifications that you need for a particular job and what subjects you need.
Go online, research about various new courses, job opportunities they provide and what are the requirements for each course. There are lots of opportunities for each person in today’s world. So know that you don’t have to be limited by anything. Try to widen your knowledge and find out which career suits you the most.
What subjects do I like?
Before choosing a stream in class 11,it is always beneficial to keep in mind the subjects that you like and that you are good at. Try to choose a stream which has your favorite subject. Going for science without loving physics is like trying to eat something forcefully. Don’t do that. Go for something that genuinely interests you and that you can put your efforts in.
Whom should I take assistance from?
For choosing a stream, if you need help then whom should you approach? You can ask teachers, parents, friends, relatives, siblings or an educational consultant. But the final choice should be yours. Know one thing for sure, the decision should be made by you, not by anyone else. You have to live this life so choose wisely. You can’t live a life your parents, siblings, friends or relatives choose.
What Guidance Can/Should Parents & Teachers Provide?
Parents and teachers should guide the students to choose their career wisely. Help them find their calling. You can’t force your desire on them. It is their life and let them decide who they want to be. Just be a guide showing them the way. In today’s world, whatever students choose, they have the option to become that. They are not restricted by anything. Opportunities are available in each field and let your kids explore. The only restriction you should put is to stop them from doing something harmful.
Various Streams & Their Career Options
Science Stream: Engineering, Architecture and Medicine & Science and Maths degree streams.
Commerce Stream: Accounting, Marketing, Business, Economics, Finance, Trade & Stock Broking.
Humanities: Economics, Education, Media & Politics, Literature, Philosophy
Vocational Streams in 11th & 12th: Other than the regular Science, Commerce & Humanities, we have many vocational streams included in it by the CBSE & State boards.
So let us look briefly at what are the factors that one should look into before you answer the question, “what after 10th?”.
What do I want for a career?
What subjects do I like?
Whom should I take assistance from?
Keep this in mind while you choose, this decision is important for your career and can affect your entire future, so take your time and decide wisely. Don’t be pressurized into any decisions that you don’t want. Don’t choose something because your friends chose that. Choose the field because you need it. Not because your parents or friends want it. Hope you got a general idea on this topic. Comment and let us know if you have any concerns regarding this topic.
How to Prepare for NEET in One Month-2021 Exam Preparation
NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test) is to be held on September 12th 2021 as per the latest report. Now we have been receiving a lot of questions from students regarding this exam. Some of the doubts or questions include:
- Can I crack NEET in One Month?
- How to make a good time table for NEET Preparation in 1 Month?
- How to Prepare for NEET in One Month?
- Which all portions should we concentrate in the last month?
- Are there any shortcuts for NEET exam preparation in One Month?
- What is the Easiest way to prepare for NEET in One Month?
All these questions show us the anxiety of students regarding how to study, what to study and what not to study. So why not evaluate the above questions and come up with some tips to help students prepare for their exams.
Can I Crack NEET in One Month?
NEET Examination requires thorough preparation as it encompasses all portions of NCERT Textbook from Standard 11 & 12. There will be 180 questions from 4 subjects, Physics, Chemistry, Zoology & Botany. Exam duration will be 3 hours or 180 minutes. So if you calculate, you can see the maximum time you can allot for 1 question in 1 minute or 60 seconds. Time management is really important for NEET & so is the need for accuracy as 1 mark will be deducted for every negative answer. So in order to crack NEET Exam you need to plan your time well, study your portions well and you should also have a strategy for time management during the exam. If you have all these covered, then you don’t have to worry much about cracking NEET Exam.
How to Make a Good Time Table for NEET Preparation in One Month?
How to Prepare for NEET in One Month?
What is the easiest way to prepare for NEET in One Month?
These three can be answered together as students want to know one thing while asking this question and that is how to distribute time effectively so as to cover everything in one month? Well having a customized time table suited for each students needs is the most powerful but underrated technique. You have to dedicate more than 11 hours of study each day. Make sure you do justice to each topic based on their importance in NEET. Make ample lot of time to do Previous Year Question Papers as well as Mock Tests provided by various Online Education Platforms. This can help you prepare for the exams and try to follow the time pattern.
Which all portions should we concentrate in the last month?
This is a tough question as there is no cut and fast rule as to how the mark distribution will be. We do have a slight guess pattern based on the previous year questions prepared by experts, but then again, if it comes to the question which all portions should we concentrate in the last month, the best answer will be all portions. Make a right mix of the portions by analyzing what all topics are important & how proficient you are in each of these topics. Make sure you cover each topic at least once or at least try to go through previous year questions from each topic.
Are there any shortcuts for NEET exam preparation in One Month?
To be honest, no there is no shortcut for clearing NEET exam in one month. The only way is to study and prepare. The shortcuts that you can use for NEET is however, to make short forms for remembering big answers or confusing answers etc. Some of the short cuts for biology in the flash cards is given by us in our blog.
So now comes the important part of this article. What are some of the tips that we can provide for the students to help them study and crack NEET in 1 Month?
1. Prepare a Proper Timetable for Revision
As discussed earlier, prepare a time table for revision and try to arrive at a right proportion of portions by comparing what portions carry the most weight according to previous years and how proficient you are in those areas. Also keep in mind that you have to dedicate a minimum of 11 hours each day during these 30 days. Then make sure that you cover all 4 subjects with equal priority so as to not leave any portions uncovered. Make a customized time table, allot more time to portions that you are lagging behind and make sure that you practice mock tests with the time limit in mind.
2. Allot Time based on Importance of topics & Marks allotted for each.
Various online sources will give you important topics based on analysis of previous year question patterns. Make sure to go through that and prepare a planner based on where you need to concentrate more and how much mark is can you expect from those portions. Try to practice mock tests with the same time allotment scheme as that of the exam and see how much you can achieve in that time.
3. Solve Previous Year Question Papers as much as Possible
Previous Year Question Papers are excellent guides as there is always a chance of questions being repeated. This is a pattern that we have seen so often and most of the education experts agree with the fact that previous question paper solving is important for NEET exams. Try to solve at least 2 sets of previous year question papers each day so as to make yourself familiar with the question pattern as well as to increase your speed.
4. Find Shortcuts for remembering difficult topics, formulas etc.
Try to find important short formulas from Internet or any other sources that can help you remember difficult equations and answers. There are hundreds of such shortcuts available online and try to memorize these so that you can get an advantage on some difficult topics. As you know, for NEET, as all questions are MCQs, it doesn’t matter how you do it, the final answer should be correct. So for physics and chemistry numerical, there are a lot of short formulas available that can help you find answers to difficult questions in simple steps. Try to follow that method as they can help you arrive at the accurate answer within the allotted time slot.
5. Avoid Procrastination
With just 30 days left for the exam, Procrastination is the one thing that you should avoid completely. One day of Procrastination can cause you your career, so if you are serious about cracking NEET, then don’t indulge in procrastination. Always remember your goal when you feel like skipping your time table. Stay focused. Remember that you will have ample lot of time for video games and movies and social media after the exams. For now you need to focus on your goals.
6. Make time for Relaxation
Now this point should be considered carefully. Here relaxation doesn’t mean you going off the track and procrastinating. Here relaxation means having proper sleep, taking enough breaks in between and reducing tensions. Make sure that you stay hydrated and practice good eating habits. Stay healthy and try to give your mind and brain enough rest so that they won’t get pressurized.
What is the conclusion that you can get from this article?
Know that NEET exam requires lot of preparation and dedication. Put your maximum effort into studying and try to cover all portions systematically with the help of proper time table. Try to cover previous year questions as well as mock tests and take ample lot of rests. Stay healthy and most of all avoid procrastination if you want to score good mark and if you want to crack NEET in 1 month. We do hope this article has helped you find answers that you were looking to. Please let us know what you think in comments. We at Talentspire, believe in teaching children in a holistic way that they learn the basics of each concept and then apply it. So, for us well being of the students comes first and we wish you all a good luck for the upcoming NEET exam.
Covid-19 has rendered the whole world to a stand-still. We are still learning to adapt to the new social norms. But one of the harsh decisions was the widespread closure of schools, thereby opening a new era of online learning.
This has led to the topic we are discussing today: “Importance of Online Education During Pandemic”. We adults are having problems adjusting to the new norms of the society, so can we blame our kids for getting fed up with these new systems. Students are worried about their education and exam systems and we parents have no clue on what to do to make them stay focused in the right direction. Schooling from home is typically difficult for high school students and higher secondary students. Their future is on line here. They are not used to the online system of learning. For them, getting extra help after online classes from school is proving to be difficult.
So what can we parents do? As we say, there are no guidelines on how to be a parent. But, when it comes to online learning of your kid & that too in this decisive year of their life, all adults look for some sort of help to get us prepared to help our kids.
Guidelines for Parents for Online Classes:
Given below are some of the tips that can come in handy in helping your high-schooler concentrate and focus so as to gain maximum from what they are taught.
- Provide your kids a Structure for their daily routine: Kids are clueless on how to manage their time and studies. So as parents it is essential that we help them form a routine for their study and make sure they follow the pattern while they are schooling from home.
- Make Space for Learning: Arrange a proper place for the kids to study. There should be no factors to distract them from their studies. Also, special care should be taken to ensure their sitting and posture remains intact. Otherwise, this can lead to orthopedic issues in the future. Provide them with all the necessary infrastructure that they may require to study well.
- Monitor Your Kids Classes: This is not an easy task. We parents also have to work from home, so keeping an eye on our kids during their classes can be tiring. But in this new online learning milieu, it is mandatory that we keep an eye on them. Check their eye movements and see if they are concentrating on the screen. Make it mandatory to maintain notes of each class, so that they don’t zone out. Ask them questions if possible. Encourage them with their efforts.
- Digital Quarantine/ Recess: With students learning at home, they are more exposed to digital devices. So it is necessary that we plan them a healthy schedule in which they do have enough break from their devices. Do not entertain the use of games and other apps along with class as it can be distracting. If possible, do provide them a dedicated device such as school laptop or tablet. There are many online education platforms that give these services where they include their portions in a tablet dedicated for study purposes.
- Make Them Understand the Importance of Time: As a wise person once said, you don’t get a refund on time wasted, so use it wisely. Let your kids know that this time is not vacation, they need to focus on their studies if they want to have a career of their choice. Help them with their time management till they grasp the hang of it.
- We Are In This Together: Kids can get a bit frustrated with being caged within the four walls of their home. They may get a feeling of isolation. So, it is really important for parents to tell kids that they are also going through the same dilemma and so all are in this together. Mental health is a very important factor and we should pay close attention to our kids in this case. Encourage them to talk with their friends, have a little video chat with them and make sure they remain connected with their peers. Make sure they enjoy a little leisure time where they can engage with their friends and enjoy life as much as possible in this situation.
There is no doubt that this is a challenging time for all. So we have to look for ways to adapt to the new normal. Education in Pandemic is a grave issue. Though homeschooling has always been there, it was never mandatory. But now this is mandatory and also increased screen time is said to have both positive and negative impacts on students. Hope these tips given above can serve as a guideline for helping your kids. If you need any help on topics like this, feel free to comment below.
COVID-19 is a pandemic and people all over the world are anxiously waiting for the outcome. People are debating more on the economic aspects, though all the other factors are also equally important. Various countries have faced similar situations due to war or other natural calamities. But this time, it is the entire world, without any geographical barriers that suffer.
Can we expect normalcy soon? We are not sure. But even after the threat of COVID is over, we have to be very cautious and the lifestyle has to witness a sea change. As people seriously involved with education, we should seriously think, debate and formulate how the COVID-19 pandemic will alter the future of teaching and learning?
We are very much reluctant to changes and always try to believe that what worked yesterday will work today and also tomorrow. We may be waiting to see what others will do and try to copy the less risky model. But we can’t wait for others.
Those who change fast can win the race and take the lead. Let others learn from us.
- Online education is here to stay: Even though, we were talking about web based learning, it was only optional and majority were not fruitfully using the available resources on the internet. Now it becomes mandatory for all to use such resources. But definitely it cannot entirely replace the conventional education. So there has to be a judicious mix of conventional face to face teaching and ample use of web based resources. Here, proper selection and guidance by teachers and others concerned are very important. From the thousands of resources, we have to help the learners to find out the best and the most useful for them. It should be comprehensive and help them to assimilate all the key concepts lucidly. So in short blended learning is the order of the day.
- Learner centred to family centred learning: For a long time, we were saying that teaching should be learner centred rather than teacher centred. But now we are going to talk about family centred education. As more and more web based resources are used, most of the learning takes place at home and education becomes family centred. The support, guidance and intervention of family members become imperative here.
- Flipped classroom: The concept of flipped classroom was there for quite sometimes. But suddenly that becomes a reality. Most of the learning has to take place at their homes and the school becomes a place for more activity oriented learning. Now the teachers have to become more resourceful as they are going to encounter a set of empowered students. So apart from the text book, teachers have to find out relevant activities which will accelerate learning.
- Self-learning rather than spoon feeding: In this situation, right from the lower level students should be encouraged for self-learning. Self-learning brings self-confidence. This is the basic objective of education. Students can design their own problems and find out solutions for that. Then learning is mindful and they will never forget what they have learnt. Students will have self-confidence and they will be ready to take on the world.
- Presence of parents at home: In many cases, both parents are working and the school time and coaching classes are scheduled such that students will reach home according to the timing of the parents. But now since most of the time, the students are at home parents have to make arrangements accordingly.
- Start a study group: Learning in group is always better. So you should form a group of like minded people and should learn together. This can help the ones who are backward in some topics. Teaching a topic helps you in understanding that better. Your teachers also became experts by continuously teaching that topic.
- Peer group interaction: Schooling is not only studying. Man is a social being. So entertainment and social gatherings are very important. But the medical demands of the time will decide the level of socialising everybody can have. So schooling has to be designed according to these social norms.
- Online education and strategic planning: All schools apart from their classroom teaching has to plan for online teaching. But this becomes a waste in two ways. (i) The investment involved, the quality of software and hardware to be used, the efficiency of the stake holders all will decide the efficiency of the medium. (ii) The efficient use of the clients cannot be clearly monitored or ensured. The videos must be well structured and curated. So the better option will be to get the help of some experienced, socially committed groups to run the show for the schools. All schools replicating the same thing will be a waste. So the various schools can form a consortium, plan and impart training properly for a blended curriculum.
- Financial constraints: The ensuing financial collapse will affect the way in which managements and parents can spend money. These financial problems can lead to an imbalance in the pedagogic approaches, which eventually hamper the academic performance of all.
All adversities provide an opportunity and we can get hold of that opportunity. Let there be no digital divide, so that the marginalised are not further pushed beyond the borders. Let the policy makers think of giving all citizens the right education at the right time using the right technology.
Let us diligently face the post COVID situation with self confidence and provide our children with the best.
This day, September 5 all of us remember the way we screamed HAPPY TEACHERS DAY when our teacher entered the class. Teachers’ day is dedicated to the hard work and importance of a Teacher in our lives. We value their commitment and hard work on this day. We might hate them, give nicknames to them, trouble them, annoy them but at the end we certainly value them. It is celebrated in different parts of the world on different dates. In India, we celebrate the day on September 5, commemorating the birth anniversary of former President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan who was a well-known scholar, teacher and ardent promoter of education.
We all have that one teacher who
– can send chills down your spine. They might have an emotionless face on, but they always lead you to perfection. In fact one good comment from our favourite teacher can give us a feeling of winning the world;
– is a cute teacher who always sides students and tries to protect them in all situations. A good teacher is never a bore;
– has great knowledge of this fast moving world and stays updated;
– is always full of energy and enthusiasm. They always take part in all the activities. On a dull day by seeing them we get boosted up with energy. They inspire you to keep moving always;
– enters a noisy class and shout “IS THIS A FISH MARKET OR A CLASSROOM?”. Although a good teacher might say this is the worst class she have ever taught, we know she has a lot of concern for all of us.
Teachers are the gift of God born to inspire hope, ignite every student’s imagination and instill the love of learning that shapes the future. Teaching as a profession plays the role of catalysts for various social changes in society.
‘If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.’- APJ Abdul Kalam
Wishing all my teachers and mentors who have immensely contributed in my journey of being who I am today!
A profession which is unmatched
A profession filled with respect and pride
A profession that acts as a force to dream big
A Salute to the greatest profession in the world!
HAPPY TEACHERS’ DAY!
Deepthi Mariam Abraham,
Studying chemistry requires a deep understanding of content, often incorporating knowledge from maths, physics, biology and other subjects, as well as the ability to apply that understanding and logic to solve multi-step problems.
ARE YOU COMFORTABLE WITH STUDYING CHEMISTRY?
The answer may be mixed. Even some of the best students had some difficulty at some point of time. A chemistry student has to wrestle with their study materials before mastering it. But once you start mastering it, it becomes a real pleasure.
So “Plan early and start early” and you don’t have to be afraid of any exigencies.
REMEMBER: The study patterns work differently for different people. The key is to find and optimize the tips that maximize your learning and studying patterns.
TIP #1: Prepare a Time Table
As you have time table in your school, you should have a time table for personal studies also.
- Make a personal assessment with the help of your parents and find out the approximate time you can spend for studies which excludes your travel time, quality family time and time for other personal chores. Let us fix this as four hours.
- Learn the topics on the same day it is taught. So your personal time table has to be prepared based on the school time table. Divide the four hours into two. The first two hours are for the subjects taught on that day. Learn and complete all assignments, so that last minute rushing can be avoided.
- Re-arm for the next day’s schooling. Take your school time table for the next day and refresh everything in the next two hours.
REMEMBER: Four hours is an approximate time, your time can change. You can fix the time table with the same idea.
TIP #2: Learn in Small Chunks
Knowledge comes in small pieces. We cannot learn everything in a day.
- Break down the information into smaller parts.
- Get one part into your mind by memorizing any definitions, equations and methods then move on to the next part.
Initially, it may seem like there is so much to know about Chemistry, but if you take everything in small steps, you will find that you will begin to grasp knowledge and information quickly.
TIP #3: Try not to understand everything you hear, the first time you hear
It is a common studying mistake to try and understand everything at once and right when you hear it the first time.
- Learn to write everything down.
- Put a mark on the information that you do not understand, for later reference.
“Learning pace is not the same for all. So try to catch up.”
TIP #4: Concept mapping and problem solving
Learn the concepts and assess yourself. If you do that you will never forget anything. This is called mindful learning.
TIP #5: Take Notes
Write conversion tables, equations, rearrange the equations so that different quantities can be calculated.
For example, consider the Raoult’s law equation in dilute solution.
- Write the equation for Kf.
- Rearrange it and write equations for ΔT, molecular mass, molarity etc.
How it helps?
This will help you in working out problems and also remembering the equations.
TIP #6: Special Strategy:
Each branch of Chemistry; organic, inorganic and physical requires a special strategy.
- Physical chemistry is easy. Learn the concepts, work out problems and master it.
- For organic chemistry, it is better to use models, because organic chemistry is three dimensional. You can use a personal model kit and learn most of the reactions.
- Look at the periodic table first, before you learn inorganic chemistry.
TIP #7: Ask, why I am using this? Is there any other way?
This will be useful when you study organic chemistry reactions.
TIP #8: Do not panic when tests come.
The key to pass a test is to make sure you have taken enough time to understand the portion.
- For preparing, divide your study time into several sections.
- Have an objective for each section and set a time limit for it.
For example, if you are studying the importance of atoms, ask yourself the hard questions first.
“What are atoms?”, “What do they do?”
Define and redefine until you are confident that the information has entered your mind. Then either have someone to ask you questions or test yourself.
Remember not to panic. This will destroy your metabolism.
On the day of the test, get up early and take several deep breaths before you start writing the test.
Do your best and leave the results alone.
- Study chemistry when you are awake.
- Find time when you are alert.
- You should create a proper ambience for your studies. This is quite personal as it also depends on your family background. But if you plan properly, everybody can optimize their learning environment.
- After your studies, make a retrospection- When did I study the best? What gave me confidence? This will help you in planning for further studies.
- Take some time to review. Stop in between. Work out problems in your text.
- It is always better to have a study group.
- When you are in class, really be there.
- When you are studying on your own, be in the books.
- Avoid any distractions like TV, by switching it off or study in a different room. The same goes for mobile phones and the internet.
If you find yourself struggling, don’t be too quick to assume that you’re not cut out for chemistry.
The initial requirements to study Chemistry may look difficult, once you begin to learn it, you will find it to be a stimulating subject. These Chemistry study tips and methods are applicable to any other subject as well.
All the objects dropped near the surface of the Earth in the absence of air resistance fall towards the Earth with the same constant acceleration.
The study of falling objects was first conducted by great philosopher Aristotle and it was believed that heavier objects fell faster than lighter once. Galileo proved this theory to be wrong and formulated the laws governing the motion of objects in free fall. But up to the year 1600, Galileo’s theory was not accepted by the scientific community.
GALILEO’S FREE FALL EXPERIMENT
Galileo discovered the law of falling objects by observing that two different weights dropped simultaneously from the leaning tower of Pisa hit the ground at approximately the same time. He performed many systematic experiments on objects moving on inclined planes. He rolled balls down an inclined plane and measured the distance they covered in successive time intervals.
The purpose of the incline was to reduce the acceleration so that he could make accurate measurements of the time intervals.
He conducted the experiment at various angles by gradually increasing the angle of inclination.
When the angle becomes 90 degree, i.e., vertical, the falling ball is equivalent to a free fall.
This experiment and the results made a high impact in the scientific community. This paved the way for Newton in his development of the laws of motion.
TRY THIS OUT!
Purpose: To understand the concepts in free fall.
Experiment: Drop a coin and a feather from the same height simultaneously.
Observation: Coin comes first and then feather.
Reason: This is due to air resistance. If the air resistance on these objects are negligible, both will have the same motion and hit the floor at the same time.
What if you conduct this experiment in vacuum?
In vacuum, air resistance is zero so the feather and coin would fall with the same acceleration. Such a motion is called free fall.
If you drop a coin and feather on moon, they fall with the same acceleration to the lunar surface. This is because moon has no atmosphere.
ACCELERATION DUE TO GRAVITY
During the free fall, the body feels weightlessness. Gravity is the only force acting upon the motion of a free falling object.
- The free fall acceleration is represented by g, called acceleration due to gravity having an average value of g is 9.8 m/s2 on the surface of the Earth.
- g is directed downward toward the center of earth.
- The magnitude of g decreases slightly with the altitude.
Note: There is a change in g if we move towards the center of Earth. At the center of Earth g=0.
A HYPOTHETICAL SITUATION
Suppose you could drill a hole through the center of the Earth, the end of the hole being the other side of the earth. So, the length of the hole is equal to the diameter of earth.
If you jump into the hole, can you reach the other side?
At the moment of jump, the initial velocity is zero and the acceleration is g. As you move down, your speed increases because of acceleration due to gravity. Your weight would be 0 and speed becomes very high as you flew through the center of the Earth. For our hypothetical journey, we will assume the Earth to be of uniform density and neglect air friction and the high temperature of this trip. Beyond the center of Earth, the gravity will pull you back to the center and so you would decelerate and slow down to a stop just as it reached the other surface. Momentarily the gravity will pull you back to the center of the earth and then to that point from where you jump. This will continue indefinitely.
Hence you will execute simple harmonic motion about the center of Earth i.e., just like a pendulum.
If there is air resistance and other dissipating forces exist, there would be a loss of velocity on each swing reducing the back and forth amplitude each time. Finally, you would come to near rest at the central core of Earth. During the whole journey, only one force is acting, which is the gravitational force. In this example, half of the journey i.e., from Earth surface to the center of the Earth is equivalent to a body falling freely from rest and the other half is similar to a body that is thrown upwards from the surface of the Earth.
So are you ready for gedanken fall?
The ocean comprises 2/3rd of the Earth’s surface, and is by far the most dominant feature of our world. But what’s in it? Let’s dive in.
Scientists have divided the ocean into 5 different depth zones extending from the surface to the most extreme depths where light can no longer penetrate. As we dive deeper into these less explored places, the temperature drops and pressure increases at an astounding rate.
LIGHT ZONE (0 TO 200 m)
Sunlight streams through the upper zone of the ocean, providing light and energy to the creatures that live there. And there is enough light for photosynthesis to take place. The light zone or epipelagic zone is one which is bright, full of food and is a busy habitat.
This zone contains the vast majority of commercial fisheries. Phyto planktons, usually microscopic occurs in this zone, form the basis of the food chain in the ocean.
TWILIGHT ZONE (200 m to 1000 m)
Deep sea starts where the sunlight starts to fade. This zone is cold and just enough light reaches this zone for animals to see. Many of the animals here are bioluminescent, i.e, they can make their own light to avoid being eaten and to attract prey. Animals in this zone range in size from microscopic to among the largest on planet. This disphotic zone (or poorly lit zone) has a major role in removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it, thereby helps to regulate global climate.
DARK ZONE (1000 m to 4000 m)
Sunlight no longer penetrates here. This habitat is immensely cold and the pressure here can crush human bones. Most of the animals living in this zone are black or red in colour due to lack of light. There is continuous shower of droppings from animals above and dead animals and plants here, known as Marine snow. This marine snow is source of food for billions of deep sea creatures.
ABYSSAL ZONE (4000 m to 6000 m)
Water temperature here is near freezing. The continental slope ends here and the sea floor stretches out to be a giant plain. 1/3rd of the seabed lies within this zone. The abyssal plains have mountains, trenches and valleys. Comparatively this zone is very sparsely inhabited because the availability of food is limited.
- Most of the creatures found here are invertebrates such as hagfish and sea pigs.
- The glass sponge Venus flower basket builds its lattice structure in an ingenious manner by gluing silica needles forming a glass like cage structure, referred to as Escape proof prison.
HADAL ZONE (6000 m to 11000 m)
Last but certainly not least, we’ve reached the hadal zone. The oceans plunges to depths greater than 6km in only few places, called trenches. It is the place with no light, immense pressure and no nutrients. The deepest of all trenches is the Mariana trench in Pacific Ocean.
Did you know?
The term Hadal is derived from Hades, the Greek God of Underworld who is considered to be evil.
So much about life in this zone are still unknown because animals collected when brought to surface dies due to the pressure drop. Snailfish is believed to be the deepest living fish currently.
Mysteries of the ocean remain vast and deep, hope we can explore more of this in coming years.
Activity: My Own Deep Sea
Sketch an image of what you imagine the deep sea would look like!